President Vladimir Putin has said before that it would be humiliating to compete without national symbols.
The IOC’s also imposed a fine of $15-million on the Russian Olympic committee and imposed a lifetime Olympic ban on Russia’ Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko, organizer of the upcoming 2018 FIFA World Cup.
The ruling by the 14-member board comes three years following allegations of state-sponsored doping in Russia.
Moscow continues denying such system existed.
(Fabrice Coffrini AFP/Getty Images)
IOC President Thomas Bach called it an ”unprecedented attack” on the integrity of the Olympic Games and sport” and that ”this should draw a line under this damaging episode and serve as a catalyst for a more effective anti-doping system led by WADA (the World Anti-Doping Agency)”.